by U.S. Dept. of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration in [Washington, D.C.] .
|Contributions||United States. Occupational Safety and Health Administration|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||24 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||24|
Additional Physical Format: Online version: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Occupational exposure to cadmium. Cincinnati: Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health ; Washington: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Exposure to cadmium occurs mostly in workplaces where cadmium products are made. The major routes of occupational exposure are inhalation of dust and fumes and incidental ingestion of dust from contaminated hands, cigarettes, or food. For example, the OSHA permissible exposure limit (PEL) of cadmium fume or cadmium oxide in the workplace is mg/m 3, whereas concentrations of cadmium in ambient air are 1 x mg/m 3 in non-industrialized areas and 4 x mg/m 3 in urban areas (ATSDR ). Therefore, non-occupational exposures from air are not expected to pose hazards. Investigations were carried out in an alkaline battery factory. The study group consisted of persons and the control group of 85 persons. Cadmium in blood (Cd-B) and cadmium in urine (Cd-U), as well as β2-microglobulin (B2-M), retinol binding protein (RBP), amino acids in urine were determined. Exposure to cadmium was high; Cd-B and Cd-U concentrations were higher than recommended, 10 gmg.
decrease global environmental cadmium releases and reduce occupational and environmental exposure. Sources of exposure to cadmium. Cadmium can be released to the environment in a number of ways, including: natural activities, such as volcanic activity (both on land and in the deep sea), weathering and erosion, and river transport;. A meta description is an HTML tag in the HTML code of your website, which allows you to customize a section of text that describes the page itself. It plays a role in how your page is seen by search engine crawlers, and how it appears in SERPs. This chemical inventory is OSHA's premier one-stop shop for occupational chemical information. It compiles information from several government agencies and organizations. Information available on the pages includes: Chemical identification and physical properties Exposure limits Sampling information. Overview. The NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (NPG) informs workers, employers, and occupational health professionals about workplace chemicals and their hazards. The NPG gives general industrial hygiene information for hundreds of chemicals/classes. The NPG clearly presents key data for chemicals or substance groupings (such as cyanides, fluorides, manganese compounds) that are .
Blood cadmium levels can be used to monitor acute toxicity and in combination with cadmium urine and β2 microglobulin is the preferred method for monitoring occupational exposure. Symptoms associated with cadmium toxicity vary based upon route of exposure and may include tubular proteinuria, fever, headache, dyspnea, chest pain, conjunctivitis. due to both environmental pollution and occupational exposure. 3 Most commonly, occupational exposure to Cd occurs during battery recycling, fabrication of nickel-cadmium batteries, manufacturing of Cd-containing paint pigment, lead smelting, galvanising of steel, and in nuclear power plants. Cadmium is also used as an anti-corrosive agent. The high concentrations cadmium and lead in the dusts confirmed the exposure of the workers (Triger et al., ). In a Danish study conducted over a month period in –, manganese concentrations were measured in air, and in blood from 24 furnace-men employed in three small-size foundries and from 21 scrap-recycling workers at. occupational exposure to nickel, cadmium and copper among workers in jewelry manufacturing Article (PDF Available) May with Reads How we measure 'reads'.